When it comes to growing cannabis, many of us focus on the basics: seeds, growing conditions, and end result. There is, however, another area to pay close attention to: welcome to the world of trichomes.
Trichomes are an essential element to any cannabis plant, and a healthy coating is a good sign. These are tiny, crystal-like particles found on the plant, and can lend a glazed, frost-like appearance to buds, as well as a stickly feel and strong smell.
Why Are Trichomes So Important?
Trichomes are the element responsible for storing strong concentrations of terpenes and cannabinoids which help give the plant its power. As the cannabis plant grows and matures, the trichomes are produced, and tend to appear along the same time as the flowers. As the plant grows, plastids and vacuoles move from the stalks of the trichomes up to the heads. Once here, they help the cells to metabolize. Over time, these cells will transform into molecules – these will eventually turn into cannabinoids.
These essential elements hide their secrets well; we are still not entirely sure why the terpenes and cannabinoids grow and develop in the trichomes, but research suggests that this evolution offers protection from predators; the strong smell and added intoxication may be a suitable deterrent for most plant-based enemies.
What Are The Types Of Trichomes?
A cannabis plant will usually contain three primary types of trichomes: bulbous, capitate sessile and capitate-stalk.
- Bulbous Trichomes
The smallest types of trichomes, these will be between 10-15 micrometers in size. Bulbous trichomes cannot be seen using your naked eye – you will need a microscope – and they will cover the whole surface of the plant.
- Capitate Sessile Trichomes
Slightly larger than their bulbous counterparts, the capitate sessile trichomes bear a strong visual resemblance to mushrooms, and have both a head and a stalk. They are the most commonly found type of trichome.
- Capitate-Stalked Trichomes
These are the most common, and can be seen with the naked eye, as they are between 50 and 100 micrometers. They have a stalk and head, and are the core of cannabinoid and terpene production.
What Do You Need To Know?
Establishing the maturity of your cannabis plant is important in getting the best results, and so you need to learn what to spot. The more mature the trichomes, the more distinctive their colour – getting to know the signs and patterns are important in helping you learn when is best to harvest.
It is also crucial to be careful with the trichomes; they can be super sensitive to light, heat, agitation, oxygen levels and physical content. As we discussed, trichomes are an essential element of any cannabis plant, and so taking good care of them is well worth the effort.
Here at MarijuanaSeeds.net.AU, we want to help you get the best results, and this starts with the best quality seeds. Head over to the site today, and take your first steps to a great crop!